October 17, 2014 Leave a comment
The Southend-on-Sea Pharmaceutical Needs Assessment includes some very interesting data about the borough. I have previously reported on some of these numbers, but I think the data worth revisiting. The data rather presents a less than glowing picture of the borough.
The wards with the greatest percentage of over 65s:
3, Eastwood Park
Westborough has the lowest percentage of over 65s. Westborough has the highest percentage of under 19s, followed by West Shoebury, St Luke’s, and Victoria.
In the 2011 census, 87% of the population described themselves as White: English / Welsh / Scottish / Northern Irish / British. This compares to 79.8% for the whole of England. The level of diversity is increasing. Just over 10% come from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic communities; a significant increase from the 2001 census. Victoria and Milton Wards have the highest proportion of BAME communities. 125 languages are spoken, with Polish, Bengali, Czech, Chinese, Shona and Tagalog/Filipino being the most common.
Southend-on-Sea is one of Essex’s most deprived areas: 55,000 residents fall within the 30% most deprived areas of the country and 16,000 fall within the 10& most deprived areas. The wards with the highest levels of deprivation are located within the East Locality with Kursaal, Victoria and Milton being ranked the highest on the IMD (2010). 1 in 4 children live in poverty compared with 1 in 5 across England.
This picture of deprivation, together with pockets of affluence, result in significant differences in both life expectancy and disability free years within Southend-on-Sea. Disablity-free life expectancy at birth is 13 years lower for men, and 11 years lower for women, living in Victoria & Kursaal wards compared with those in West Leigh.
Life expectancy is a measure of how long a person, born into an area, would be expected to live by reference to current observed rates of mortality. The gap in life expectancy, between the best and worst, helps to illustrate how inequalities affect the population differently. In Southend-on-Sea, the gap between the most deprived and least deprived areas is: Women 8.8 years, Men 9.1 years.
Starting from the most deprived to the least deprived, the wards in Southend-on-Sea are thus arranged: Kursaal, Victoria, Milton, Southchurch, Shoeburyness, St Luke’s, West Shoebury, Blenheim Park, Westborough, Prittlewell, St Laurence, Chalkwell, Belfairs, Leigh, Thorpe, Eastwood Park, West Leigh.
(IMD – Index of Multiple Deprivation)